Technical SEO: The Ultimate Guide to Improve Search Visibility And User Experience

technical seo guide
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SEO is a battle. It’s a NEVER ending game. Believe it or not, the success of your website or blog largely depends on SEO.

If you’re struggling to increase your overall organic traffic or sales, I’ve a quick tip for you: perform technical SEO.

What is technical SEO?

Technical SEO is all about how you make sure your website is properly compatible with search engines guidelines. Technical SEO basically involves in;

  • Finding your site’s SEO related issues (broken links, lengthy titles, pages with no meta description, images without alt tags etc)
  • Evaluating whether your site is penalized or not
  • Conducting site audits to fix your site issues

The following image explains what technical SEO is all about in a simple way, so have a look at it.

technical seo factors

Why technical SEO is important?

Technical SEO helps you improve your website’s usability, search engine crawling and indexing. In a nutshell, technical SEO helps you boost your search engine rankings by increasing your site’s user experience and reducing your site’s SEO related issues.

Technical SEO:

  • Increases your website’s crawling rate
  • Decreases your site penalties (if there are any)
  • Gives better user experience

All in all, technical SEO improves your blog’s user experience by also giving you more search visibility. So let’s talk about how you can use technical SEO for better rankings and sales. Let’s dig into the details.

5 technical SEO techniques to implement 

technical seo guide

#1. Make your blog mobile friendly

Google punishes sites thats are not mobile friendly with it’s latest algorithm “Mobilegeddon”.  It decreases site’s rankings in mobile search results. So, it is very important to make your website mobile friendly. Here are the tips how you can do that:

  • No need of creating separate mobile friendly website. Because, if you create two websites one for desktop and another for mobile that has same content then Google penalizes for having duplicate content.
  • Use responsive design so that site will easily viewable on different sizes of devices. It uses flexible images, flexible layouts and cascading sheet media queries. It will be able to detect visitor’s screen size and change the layout accordingly.
  • The viewport meta tag tells your browser that page needs to fit the screen. The viewport is nothing but a visual area used by the browser that renders engine to determine how content is scaled and sized. So, include viewport meta tag, without this, it is not possible to get multi-device experience.
  • Take care of Font sizes and button sizes. These two matters a lot for mobile devices. Keep the font size at least 14px so that users need not zoom while reading your content. It helps to adjust the font size for maximum legibility. Next, keep a large button, this is to ensure that users won’t abandon your site so quickly.

    mobile buttons

  • Use high-resolution images. To ensure better user experience, just like on instagram, upload high resolution images on your site too.
  • Remove Auto-zoom. The default zoom messes up images, layout elements, navigate content etc. Use viewport meta tag to set up custom variables within the content. Just include this tag in <head> HTML.
  • Show YouTube videos for better SEO. The way users sees videos on mobile is different from desktop. The embed code on YouTube videos is already responsive so by using YouTube videos on your sites saves time.
  • Give full site experience to users on mobile: Include “go to full website” or “view desktop version” at the bottom of your site. Never stop your potential customer from experiencing your full site.
  • Test, Test, Test. Once you are done with creating responsive design, make sure you test the site. Test your site on Android platform, iPhone, Windows phone and other tablets too.

#2. Check your site’s crawlability

If search engine robots can crawl and index your site’s pages than we say it as crawlability. If links on your site are not search engine friendly it means your site has extremely poor crawlability. It is very serious issue that it is very difficult to achieve search engine rankings if your site has poor crawlability.

Because, in 2017, Google can crawl not only your pages but also all kinds of resources such as, CSS and Javascript. If your CSS file is not crawlable, the it will be UX disaster as Google won’t see it. If your Javascript is not crawlable then Google will not index your site’s dynamically generated content.

In order to know how search engine crawl your site, use Xenu’s Link Sleuth. If there are any pages that this tool is unable to reach then you can assume that search engine robots are not able to crawl those pages.

Alternatively, you can also use site:yourdomain.com (for ex: site:bloggerspassion.com). It determines how many pages search engine have indexed. Let’s say you have 50 pages on your site and Google indexed only 10 of them, it means your site has a crawlability issue.

If your site is built entirely on AJAX then use SEO spider tools, Screaming Frog and WebSite Auditor to check your site crawlability.

#3. Speed up your website loading times

Website speed matter a lot as Google rewards fast loading sites and ranks well. SO, if you want your site to show up in top search results then you should really start considering your website speed.

Here are few quick tips to make your website load fast:

#1. Before uploading images, adjust image size: If you use WordPress, then you can upload images at full size and adjust display size. But it’s not good practice as it executes multiple commands and slow down the site.

Here is what you can do.

Use image editing program to adjust images before uploading to your site. Open Microsoft Paint (Windows) or Preview (Mac) to open the image and resize it. Now after resizing each image, total file size will be so large and it will slow down your website speed.

So, after resizing the image, take the compressor tool TinyPNG. Just click the link and upload your resized image and this tool will reduce the file size without reducing resolution. Now take this image and upload on your site. You image will look exactly the same and helps in loading your website faster.

#2. Remove unnecessary plugins: There are so many plugins that are available for free. The more plugins you add, the more resources it uses and it slows down the website speed.

If you observe that your site is loading very slow then perform plug-in run-through.

Disable every plugin one by one and check your site with the tool GT Metrix. It will show you the site speed.

gtmetrix speed test

If you see improvement in your site speed after disabling the plugin. Then remove that plugin permanently. If you need that plugin at any cost then find out alternative plugin with that functionality. Sometimes due to bad hosting service provider, your site speed goes down so, use the best hosting service provider.

#4. The importance of HTTPS

Did you ever ask yourself why that ‘S’ in HTTP? Yes, it stands for “SSL” which means Secure Socket Layer. It is the technology that encrypts your connection to a website. This is very important to prevent hackers from stealing info on your site.

Here are the benefits you will get by enabling HTTPS on your site:

  • SSL helps to prevent “man-in-middle” attacks (a communication between two parties is monitored and modified by an unauthorized party). This is very important if yours is ecommerce website.
  • AMP (Accelerated Mobile Pages) ready pages will have better ranking and Google is going to make it a priority in 2017. AMP requires SSL.
  • Google is going to use it’s algorithm to index mobile version of a site to rank pages. But to index mobile site, Google recommends some practices. One of those is “migrate to a secure site”. So, HTTPS is preferred over HTTP.

#5. Improve your website’s architecture

The one aspect that is often overlooked while implementing SEO strategies is website’s architecture. It is the approach which is used to design and plan your website, the way you organize your content in your blog.

Here is how you can improve website’s architecture:

  • Don’t use dynamic URLs: Users don’t like lengthy parameters. And never frustrate users.
  • Avoid session IDs: If you are adding a session ID for each user at the end of the URL then change that now. Because different URLs pointing to the same content indicates duplicate content.
  • Redirect 302: If SEO matters to you, make 301 redirections. Because a 302 redirection may redirect the user to the new page but doesn’t transfer link juice.from your older version of page to newer version of page.
  • Use proper anchor text: If your site has thousands of pages, then interlinking is highly useful and powerful. Instead of using words like “click here”, “more”, use target words as anchor text.
  • Minimize the link depth on your site: Make sure that none of your page is deeper than 3 clicks away from your home page. This is important to make your site architecture flat. Because, deeper the page, less the link juice is passed. If less link juice is passed, Google drops the page from indexing. If any page doesn’t have minimal link juice then Google won’t consider that page while indexing.

Right from the beginning of the site, take care of your website’s architecture. As poor website architecture face crawlability and indexing issues.

5 FREE tools for doing technical SEO audit

#1. Google Webmaster Tools

Well, what if, if you can analyze how well the search engines crawl and access your website. Google Webmaster is one of the tools that helps you with all these details.

Google Webmaster Tools (GWT) is one FREE technical SEO tool that has great features and ability to pinpoint the 404 errors. You need to pinpoint 404 errors that which doesn’t show up to website visitors. It’s important to redirect the 404 error page to the correct page because if not found, it will hinder your website’s marketing performance.

This tool also allows you to check Robots.txt file which is a file on your website that prevents search engine from listing certain pages in search results. It makes sure that none of your web pages are being blocked from search engines.

You can pick up duplicate page titles and descriptions and fix them in order to avoid ranking penalties by search engine. It also allows you to see whether your website’s sitemap is error free or not. It’s important to check this as a sitemap with errors can create unpleasant user experience to website visitors.

#2. Google PageSpeed Insights

Wanna make your site faster and mobile friendly? With Google pagespeed insights you can analyze your site and enhance it’s performance and it’s completely FREE tool.

The pagespeed gives the score to a website ranging 0 to 100. If your website gets the score of 80 or above, it means your website is performing well.

Bloggers Passion has a desktop score of 89 out of 100 and there are a certain recommendations given by the tool to improve its user experience further. Have a look at the screenshot below for better understanding.

google pagespeed insights

It considers the HTML structure of the page, the server configuration and also external resources such as JavaScript, images and CSS while calculating page performance.

Well, pagespeed is different from site speed. Pagespeed is nothing but the measurement of how fast the content on your page loads or simply how much time the visitor have to wait until your page is loaded completely whereas site speed is the pagespeed for a sample of page views on a site.

Website loading speed is one of the SEO ranking factors and is it is very important to give good user experience. Pagespeed insights gives you all the keys and suggestions to improve your page load speed.

#3. Screaming Frog

Screaming Frog is a tool that crawls your web pages the same way search engine does. It crawls each page and pulls out everything that hinders the performance. It’s great tool for both on-page SEO as well as technical SEO.

If you are not using screaming frog for technical SEO then start using it because it helps you to highlight issues such as meta robots errors, duplicated pages on different URLs, internal redirects and much more.

However, you can crawl up to 500 sites in free version and which is pretty fine for small sites.

Here is how you can use Screaming Frog.

Go to screaming frog and enter the URL that you want to check.

screaming frog

If you want to crawl additional sub domains, you can do so by checking the ‘Crawl All Subdomains’ box under configuration > spider. Depending on the size of your website, process takes a couple of minutes.

You can check all HTTP status codes and all URLs of a website to filter long length URLs.

#4. #5. Quick Sprout

Do you want to know what is happening on your blog and thinking about how to improve your blog’s overall traffic? Then, give a try to Quick Sprout’s free SEO tool.

It analyzes your website traffic by connecting to your Google Analytics account. You will get personalized website alerts every time there are website improvements.

The tool helps you to know what kind of improvements are needed:

  • You can take your decision and know what’s happening on your website which means your analytics data is much more than just numbers and graphs
  • If Quicksprout sees any traffic improvement is possible, it sends you alerts so that you can perform changes very quickly.
  • While continually making changes to grow traffic, Neil Patel’s marketing experience helps you learn every detail like what, why and how.

If you want to know what’s happening on your website and how to improve your website to grow traffic then QuickSprout is the tool for you.

5 critical things to avoid for better technical search engine optimization

#1. Avoid duplicate aka thin content

It’s time to save your website from thin content penalties. Thin content means having little or no original content.

There are some webmasters tries to improve their page ranking and attract visitors with absolutely no original content. And, Google takes serious action against such domains.

So, when you receive any penalty message from Google, start diagnosing the problem or you can take the advice of any SEO specialist. So, always produce unique and highly detailed content.

#2. Fix your website’s broken links

Well, you have a a real hard work to bring lots many visitors to your site. But what if your backlink strategy doesn’t work. Any broken or dead links harms your website really badly.

Firstly, it gives a very bad user experience. For example, when a user clicks on any link and if it shows 404 errors, then it frustrates user and will never return. Secondly, broken links restricts the flow of link equity throughout your site. It impacts rankings negatively.

You can find broken links on your website and fix it with the help of these tools.

#3. Avoid pop ups

Did you know that Google starting to penalize sites that are using pop-ups? Here’s the source. If you are still using popups avoid them at all costs or it could badly affect your SEO.

In a study conducted by SimilarWeb, it was revealed that 56% of the website traffic to leading websites is coming from mobile devices.

It is the need of the hour to avoid mobile pop-up penalty.If you are using pop-up for cookie permission or age verification then yes you are using it right. But if you use pop-up for disruptive purposes then get ready to face Google penalty in 2017.

Here are some of the tips of how you can optimize to make your site mobile friendly:

  • Never rely on unsupported software.
  • See that your content is easily scrollable.
  • Do optimization for local search.
  • Make sure that all mobile-text is readable.

Remember, mobile devices can be very sensitive platform for content. So, make your site mobile friendly.

#4. Secure your site at any cost

These days, it has become common to hack websites. Most of the websites are compromised all the time. However, the reason for most of the security breaches are to use your server as an email relay for spam or to setup a temporary web server.

Here are some of the tips to keep you safe online:

  • Always keep your software up to date. If any website security holes are found in software, it becomes so easy for hackers to hack your site. But if you are using a managed hosting solution then you need not worry about doing security updates as the hosting company takes care of everything.
  • SQL injection attacks. An attacker uses a web form field to gain access and then manipulates your database. Attacker can easily insert rogue code into your query and can change the tables information in your database.You could fix such queries by explicitly parameterizing it.
  • XSS attacks. In this kind of attack, an attacker injects malicious javascript into your pages and changes page content Use XSS defender’s toolbox to escape from such attacks.
  • Passwords. Yes, we all know to use complicated passwords. It is very important to use such strong passwords to your server and website admin area. You should insist the same for your users too to follow good password practices to protect your user accounts. You can use hashed passwords which are highly impossible to decrypt.

#5. Avoid spammy links

Backlinks have a great role in the world of SEO. To get quality backlinks, some bloggers buy backlinks but if you buy bad backlinks the Google penalizes your site very heavily that sometimes recovering from such penalties is not at all possible.

How to find such bad backlinks?

Just check the quality of the website.

  • Bots populate comments saying, great info, very helpful etc.. Comment spam links are bad for your site.
  • Find the contact details of the website owner and request him politely to remove the links that you don’t want for your website. If there are too many backlinks on your site then you can disavow these links.

You can use tools like SEMrush to easily audit your backlink profile.

Final thoughts about technical SEO in 2017

Technical SEO is NOT hard as it sounds. But ignoring your technical SEO can really hurt your search rankings.

If you are someone who’s looking to get more search traffic to increase your website sales, focus on what’s missing and find out how your site is performing on Google search results.

Here’s where the detailed technical SEO guide which you’re reading now helps you a lot (both in terms of money and time) in fixing your site search traffic.

So what are your thoughts? Did you find this technical SEO guide helpful? Do you have any more questions? Please let us you know your thoughts in the comments.

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